Saturday, September 16, 2023

Stereographic EEG - Done!

 Jenelle is amazing and did fantastic last week while in hospital for her Stereographic EEG (SEEG).  

We arrived for surgery on Tuesday, September 5 at 5:00 AM.  Jenelle went into surgery around 7:30 A.M. for an anticipated 5 hour surgery.  Dr. Olaya, her surgeon, explained that they would sedate Jenelle, place her into a "HALO" and then perform a CT Scan to make sure they had the exact location for where they were going to have a robot place 4 needle like probes into the Thalamus and Central Medium of her brain to track where her seizures were coming from.  An SEEG is also sometimes referred to as “brain mapping.” 

Miraculously, surgery only lasted about 4 hours, and we met Jenelle in the Post Anesthesia Care Unit where she was already awake when we got there.  While her pain was managed, she was very frustrated.  Because she had "probes" sticking into her brain, they placed mittens/boxing gloves on Jenelle's hands to keep her from getting too close to the probes to pull them out.  One of Jenelle's behavioral habits is to keep her hands at the nape of her neck, and ofter to pull on her hair.  Needless to say, she was not happy.

Jenelle was hooked up to the recording device for 3 days.  In all, we recorded at least one of all 3 of her different types of seizures. Tonic, Head Drop and Tonic/Clonic (aka Grand Mal), with a 3 minute Tonic Clonic seconds before the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit was about to disconnect the recorder!  Her Neurologist is very pleased and said that from the seizures they caught, they see that her seizures begin in the Central Medium and often start on the left side  her brain.  Originally the Neuro thought Thalamus, so this is huge as if we had not done the SEEG, we likely would have interested the permanent probes in the wrong part of her brain.

Jenelle had 2 surgeries – one to place the probes and one to remove them.  She had a bit of pain, and a lot of frustration because of the mittens/boxing gloves on her hands.  Because of the probes inserted into the brain, we had a "Sitter" sitting beside her bed the entire time to make sure she didn't try to remove them.  She seemed to have more pain with the second surgery and needed Morphine that night to sleep.  Since being home, she needed Tylenol the first day and has been fine without.  We eventually got home late Saturday afternoon.

The first few days after the probes were removed, she was pretty weak, likely from being in bed for 5 days.  when she walks which is likely from being in bed for a week.   Once home She recovered pretty quickly and was playing with her favorite toys.  Jenelle went back to school on Wednesday, and we are told was very happy to see her friends. 

The next surgery will be in about 3-4 weeks to place the permanent RNS (Responsive Neuro Stimulator.)  That recovery time should be about the same, assuming she does just as well in recovery and just in time for her 21st birthday!  When we know more about that date, I will let you know.  For now, we are just enjoying being home, eating food that isn't fast or from the hospital and getting our girl back on her routine.

Thank you all for the continued prayers and positive thoughts.  As always, I'll keep you posted!

5:00 AM -What is going on?

After 1st surgery with a Luigi Mario Cart cap protecting the probes.

Moving from PICU to 5th Floor.

Sweet moments with Daddy!

Waking up after 2nd surgery - Messy Hair, don't care!

And after 4 days at home, back to school!

Thursday, August 17, 2023

Ready... Set... GO!

Lots of things are in motion and I feel if I don't update now, I'll never catch up. Jenelle has not been doing well at all this summer since starting Xcopri.  Lots of increased seizures, including new seizure types (tonic/clonic aka grand mal) and disturbing new behaviors.  Originally, we were scheduled to have the "Pre-Op" meeting on August 22, and scheduled the Stereo EEG for September 5.  Instead, we met on Tuesday (8/15) with Jenelle's Neurologist, Dr. Steenari and Neurosurgeon, Dr. Olaya. Given Jenelle's increased seizures, they moved up the Pre Op appointment in order to discuss everything.  At the meeting, the team presented us with an option of keeping the Stereo EEG appointment, or just do surgery on that date to insert the RNS device.  

Here is the reasoning for this option.  The seizures that present with Lennox Gastaut Syndrom (LGS) are believed to begin deep within the brain - often in the area of the Thalamus.  So, we could choose to add extra time by doing the Stereo EEG first, giving the doctors a better idea of where to place the leads for the RNS, or just inserting the RNS blindly, but in the vicinity of the Thalamus.  I was ready to get it over with and just insert the RNS, but Brett had some rather good questions, and changed my mind.  

If they simply insert the RNS blindly, and there is a chance that it doesn't help, and they have to do another surgery to re-insert more probes.  Our main reason for not wanting to proceed with the Corpus Callosotomy surgery that is recommended is because it would be "cutting" brain tissue, without exactly knowing if it is the right thing to do.  Brett felt simply inserting the RNS without the Stero EEG would be doing the exact same thing.  He's right! (He'll love me for saying that!)

So, Jenelle is scheduled to be admitted to CHOC hospital on September 5 for the Stereo EEG procedure.  She will be in hospital for a minimum of 3 days, and possibly as long as 10 days or more.  We will be there as long as it is necessary to get the information the doctors need in order to know where to place the RNS probes.  With Jenelle being so unstable of late, we are betting on a short stay, and keeping fingers crossed.

After the Stereo EEG, Jenelle will go home, and can return to school.  They will allow her to "heal" for a couple of weeks, while they review the data.  Then, depending on timing, Jenelle will be re-admitted to CHOC for the placement of the RNS. That surgery will likely be in late September, first week of October.

We are really excited that we are going with the RNS device because we learned that there is a new study going on of LGS patients and the RNS device.  Now that we are doing the Stereo EEG first, it is possible that Dr. Steenari will have time to submit Jenelle's case to see if she can be included in that study so her outcome can help other patients newly diagnosed with LGS.

Scary and exciting times.  Please keep us in your thoughts and prayers and I will of course update here.

Yesterday, Jenelle started the first day of Year 15 at Tustin High School.  She seemed to be very excited to return and see teachers and friends. I worked from home to stay close to school in case anything happened, and got a call from Radiology to scheduled an MRI for Jenelle.  Given that we just saw the team the day before, we were puzzled.  Turns out, they had a cancellation and Dr. Olaya needs another MRI before the 5th in order to help him place the Stereo EEG probes.  I had to pick her up from school and take her to his office so they could turn off the VNS in order to get the MRI.  Jenelle missed out on her bus ride home that she always enjoys.  This morning, we left at 6AM for another sedated MRI.  Jenelle did very well and we are home.  

Here are some photos of the first day of school and of us checking in for the MRI at 6AM today.  

Thank you for continued prayers - I promise to keep you posted!

First Day - Year 15

Jenelle's bus driver and aide

Too early for MRI check in!

Thursday, June 29, 2023

"Extreme Caregiving" and Jenelle update

I belong to an online support groups of Special Needs Moms called "We Are Brave Together."  WABT is one of many support groups that I belong to for special needs.  The WABT community includes Moms (women only) of children with varying types and degrees of disabilities.  It offers gatherings (in person and online), podcasts, blogs, resources, retreats, etc.  When you belong to a support group that casts a very, very wide net of community members, you start to try to find others with a similar situation.  And when you have a child with the medical complexity like Jenelle's, you often don't feel like you fit in.  That was until I read the blog entry at WATB on June 15 written by Billie Short entitled "Extreme Caregiving Influences Our Choices." 

Billie gives us the definition from Lisa Freitag, the author of Extreme Caregiving: The Moral Work of Raising Children with Special Needs, (a book that is definitely now on my reading list!)

 “Extreme caregiving involves the taking on of professional medical roles by a nonprofessional parent. It differs from both ordinary parenting and professional caregiving in that it is done in the home, often without respite or foreseeable endpoint. Unlike professional caregiving, it involves an intensely personal relationship between parent and child.”   

Wow.  I really couldn't have described it quite that well on my own. Brett and I are "Extreme Caregivers" to Jenelle, or as I like to say, we are "Parenting to the Extreme."  

The role of "caregiver" took on new meaning for me when we moved my Mom (Nana) to Orange County in 2018.  I was used to being Jenelle's caregiver and in comparison, had it pretty easy because Jenelle doesn't talk, works around my schedule and goes whereever and whenever I decide to take her.  Well Mom was an adult, albeit an aging adult keenly aware of her failing memory and agility.  We had to find new doctors for Mom, then find the time to attend Mom's appointments and allow Mom to listen to her doctors and have an opinion about her care - it was a huge change for me.  I soon realized that dealing with elderly parents is not much different than dealing with a special needs child.  You do it because you want what is best for your family member.  I was living a special parent/child relationship with my Mother and my Daughter.  I now realize that I was an "Extreme Caregiver" during this time as I took on the role of caring for two family members - "often without respite or foreseeable endpoint."

When the time came, my sister and I agreed to move Mom closer to my sister (9 hours away) when the Covid pandemic threatened our ability to see Mom in her assisted living community.  The role of "Extreme Caregiver" involving my Mom was then passed to my sister.  My sister's care was much more hands on as Mom lived with her at times.  Both she and I got to experience precious time with Mom for almost exactly 3 years each.  Neither of us regret it.  The day after Valentine's Day this year, Mom had a fall and broke her hip.  This was the beginning of the end, and she was gone a little more than 5 weeks later.  The "foreseeable endpoint" had come and gone and we are all at peace knowing that we did the best for Mom in the twilight of her life.  And what a beautiful life she had.

During the 5 weeks between Mom's fall and her death; our niece Kiersten passed away.  Kiersten was Brett's Brother's daughter and was born with Hydrocephalus, and had special needs that were often much more complicated than Jenelle.  Kiersten was 15 at the time of her death, and had been through so many medical challenges in her life.  Her parents were "Extreme Caregivers" too.  They often made decisions for Kiersten that Brett and I had never had to imagine making for Jenelle.  On March 17, sweet Kiersten's body finally gave out.  We were there that day with her parents and extended family members when Kiersten passed away.  Another "endpoint" - their caregiving duty is done.  Heartbreaking, and yet comforting to know her fight has come to an end.

Brett and I are still "Extreme Caregivers," with an intensly personal relationship with regards to our Jenelle.  Caregiving done in the home.  Often without respite.  She is and will be our "plus one" for the remainder of her life.

Jenelle will be 21 this October, and with that comes a few changes.  She will no longer be receiving services from California Children's Services (CCS), and we are told her medical group will change as well from Childrens Hospital Orange County to adult medicine.  Well, some of her doctors at least, and for now I am pulling out all my resourses to nagivate these changes and decide what is best for Jenelle.

Unfortunately, Jenelle's seizures have changed and increased once again.  While we no longer see the absence seizures (staring seizures) with the addition of Fintepla; we are noticing an increase of new seizures in the form of complex partial, atonics, tonics and drop seizures.  Brett and I decided it was time to pull out the surgery options we'd been avoiding, and take another look.  "What do we have to lose?" well, Jenelle of course.  But what do we have to gain?  Maybe nothing, maybe everything.  Maybe it will be something we will wish we had done sooner? Maybe it will complicate things more than we imagined.

Once I informed Jenelle's neurological team at CHOC that we wanted to discuss surgical options, the Neuroscience department presented Jenelle's case to the team.  The Team then met with us on Zoom to discuss the results of their discussion and presented the same 3 surgical options we were considering in the past - Corpus Collostomy (CC), Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), and Responsive Neurostimulation (RNS).  Dr. Olaya (our surgeon) prefers Corpus Collostomy as the studied results are best for patients with Lennox Gastaut Syndrome like Jenelle.  Brett and I are against any surgery that "cuts" part of her brain, so we do not want to do CC.  We all agreed that the next step was to start with another MRI, which Jenelle had done in May.  

We met with Dr. Steenari on June 15 to discuss the outcome of the MRI and the options.  At that time, Jenelle was not doing well seizure wise.  She was so drugged with the addition of daily Clonazepam that she was lethargic and drooling.  She could barely walk.  And, we were seeing too many pro-longed seizures.  Dr. Steenari felt that surgery would not give us the immediate results we needed now, so we discussed, and decided to add Xcopri (Cenebamate) and take away daily Clonazepam and keep it as needed.  Studies have found Xcopri to be simililar to Fintelpa, with less side effects to the heart.  

As for the MRI results, according to Dr. Steenari "Jenelle has a beautiful brain and a normal MRI."  This has always been the outcome of her MRI, although it is the first time a doctor has said her brain was beautiful!  Dr. Steenari discussed all 3 surgical options, and agreed to respect our wishes with regards to the CC.  The difference between the remaining two options is that one works better for "focal" seizures and one is better for "generalized" seizures.  Neither have much research on how well patients with LGS respond, and both can be reveresed if we find it causes more harm than good. The problem is that the origin of Jenelle's seizures are likely somewhere deep in her brain, and we aren't getting any accurate information from a regular MRI or EEG.  

So, the next step is Intracrainial Monitoring, also called Stereoelectroencephalography (Stero-EEG or SEEG.)  We all agreed that this is something that may give us more information about Jenelle's seizures, and is something we've never explored.  The SEEG is scheduled for early September, and from that, we will make a decision between DBS and RNS.

The days of this past Winter and Spring have felt long, dark and cold.  The grief has almost been unbearable, but thankfully I am an Extreme Caregiver and I know I cannot do it alone.  I'm feeling hopeful now with sunny and warm days ahead with the arrival of summer.  I know that Brett and I have always made great decisions for Jenelle, and that won't stop now.  As always, I will keep you posted.

Here are a couple of my favorite photos of Jenelle's last visit with Nana.  I know that Nana will always enjoy watching over Jenelle for us from her view in heaven.


Thursday, May 11, 2023

2022 went by in a FLASH! New Year update!

NOTE:  I started drafting this in January and here it is May.  A lot has happened in our family in the last 4 months including the death of our niece (Jenelle's cousin) Kiersten Curran, and my Mom (Jenelle's Nana.)  It has been a lot to endure.

I will update on that soon, but in the meantime I wanted to finish and post what I had to say in January - Thank you for your patience. ~Kelly


Wow, so much has happened this past year, which passed by insanely fast in my opinion.  Jenelle continues to do well on Fintepla.  If you recall, we had been considering three different surgical options before starting Fintepla.  Corpus Callostomy, Deep Brain Stimulator (DBS) and the RNS. Jenelle was doing so well seizure wise on Depakote, Fintepla and Felbamate that we felt we had an opportunity to try to decrease her medications instead of surgery, keeping the idea of surgery in our back pocket just in case.

At our appointment in late July, we decided to wean her off Depakote.  We started very slowly, taking a total of 22 weeks to wean her off with the last dose given the day after Thanksgiving.  As we got closer to the end of the wean in late October, we unfortunately started seeing an increase in drops.  Knowing that a wean can make things worse before better, we stayed the course.  

In October, Jenelle had an overnight EEG at CHOC.  We wanted to confirm that the increase in seizures were the same that we have been unable to control as opposed to something new because of the decrease in Depakote.  The good news from that EEG was that we were seeing the same type of seizrues, and had room to increase her Felbamate.  So, before we finished the Depakote wean, we increased Felbamate and unfortunately, but didn't see much help.  

So right now, we are trying to figure out the next step.  We are seeing less side effects with the Fintepla / Felbamate combination, but still too many seizures.  As Jenelle approaches 21 in October, we will also be moving away from CHOC and toward adult doctors and hospitals.  Lots of changes to consider and I will keep you posted once we make some decisions.